"Since the announcement of His birth, [He] was described as 'king' in the Messianic sense, that is, heir to the throne of David... for a Kingdom that would have no end... Appearing to the Apostles after he had risen, he said: "Full authority has been given to me both in heaven and on earth.' This power flows from the love that God manifested in its fullness in the sacrifice of his Son. The Kingdom of Christ is a gift offered to the people of every epoch so that those who believe in the incarnate Word ' may not die but have eternal life" (Pope Benedict XVI).
Ezekial 34:11-12, 15-17Psalm:
R. The Lord is my shepherd; there is nothing I shall want.2nd Reading:
Corinthians 15:20-26, 28Gospel:
Why does the master call the two servants "good and faithful"? Because, when entrusted with a vast amount of money, they do not run off and spend the money on themselves. Rather, the invest what was given to them as their way of honouring their relationship with their master. We are "sons of light" inasmuch as we have been given an all-surpassing Master, whom we desire to glorify by our obedience.
Proverbs 31:10-13, 19-20, 30-31Psalm:
R. O blessed are those who fear the Lord.2nd Reading:
The oil is our personal virtue - it is something that cannot be shared. "The wise maidens represent all those who posses the ensemble fo virtues which characterise a complete Christian life. The burning lamps...symbolically portray Christian wisdom... This wisdom empowers all those who embrace prudence and the other moral virtues to fulfil the requirements of an integral and holy life" (R Cessario). God will bring with him those who seek wisdom with the same ardour with which the virgins seeks the bridegroom.
R. For you my soul is thirsting O God my God.2nd Reading:
1 Thessalonians 4:13-18Gospel:
The deepest cry of the human heart is for union with God, that all distance and separation from him might be overcome. In Advent, the Church recognises that God answers that prayer: first, in the Incarnation of his Son, and at the end of time, when he returns in majesty. Both coming of Christ reveal that "by calling you [God] has joined you to his Son, Jesus Christ; and God is faithful".
Isaiah 63:16-17, 64:1, 3-8Psalm:
R. God of hosts, bring us back; let your face shine on us and we shall be saved.2nd Reading: